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Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
42 U.S.C. §9601 et seq. (1980)
CERCLA (or Superfund) allows the EPA to identify, assess, and clean up abandoned hazardous waste and contamination sites while seeking funding from liable parties, or using a federal fund until costs are recovered.
Superfund Policy and Guidance (EPA)
EPA collection of links for Superfund site assessment, related regulations, and other resources.
Brownfields & BUILD Act
The BUILD Act of 2018 reauthorized the EPA's Brownfields Program, an amendment to CERCLA that included funds to clean up brownfields, or potentially contaminated but unused developed land.
Clean Air Act
The Clean Air Act regulates emissions in an effort to curb and control air pollution. The Act allowed the EPA to create National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public health.
Clean Water Act
33 U.S.C. §1251 et seq. (1972)
The Clean Water Act regulates waste disposal and pollution in United States surface waters. The EPA's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) monitors toxic disposal through permits and allowances.
Toxic Substances Control Act
15 U.S.C. §2601 et seq. (1976)
The TSCA provides guidance on reporting, testing, and record-keeping of potential chemical and toxic substances. The TSCA was amended in 2016 by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act.
National Environmental Policy Act
NEPA (1970) was the fist major national environmental law in the United States. NEPA directed federal agencies to consider their impacts on the environment and instituted a process of ongoing procedural compliance. NEPA also created the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ).
Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits recipients of federal funding to discriminate based on race, color, or national origin. An overview of Title VI regulations, statutes, and materials from the Department of Justice.
Title VI at the EPA
The EPA has had Title VI regulations since 1973 and ensures that it does not fund any programs or activities that discriminate.
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (2003)
This report from the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights explores how to utilize TItle VI and EO 12898 toward environmental justice and recommends changes to legislation and federal agency oversight. While this report was published in 2003, it remains a vital fixture in the field, specifically for its exploration of litigation pathways toward EJ.
While there is no committee that directly engages with environmental justice per se, some committee missions potentially include environmental justice issues.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
EPCRA sought to prevent hazardous waste emergencies by providing regulations for federal, state, local, and tribal governments as well as industry to routinely produce public reports on toxic waste and chemicals.
H.R.5986 - Environmental Justice For All Act of 2020
Chairman of the Natural Resources House Committee Representative Raul Grijalva (D-AZ-3) introduced the Environmental Justice For All Act in 2020, which would "reconcile environmental justice and civil rights" and create an Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice Compliance & Enforcement. The Act has not passed the House.
S.2236 - Environmental Justice Act of 2019
Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ) introduced a sweeping measure to enforce federal agencies to address environmental justice by codifying EO 12898 and would also allow individuals a private right of action under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Act has not passed the Senate.
H.R.109 - Recognizing the Duty of the Federal Government to Create a Green New Deal
Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY-14) introduced H.R.109, aka the Green New Deal, a package of environmental legislation that would address climate change and economic injustice. The Green New Deal has not passed the House.